Living on a coastal farm: a study of Swedish farms in Estonia during the transition from feudal society to capitalism (1590-1940)
- Datum: –17.00
- Plats: Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies (IRES) Gamla Torget 3, 3rd floor, IRES Library
- Föreläsare: Dr Hele Kiimann is currently lecturing at the Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University. Her main research field is historical geography. She teaches courses on GIS, landscape history, and landscape assessment, as well as on the history of Swedish settlement around the Baltic Sea. She will also be a Visiting Fellow at IRES in October–November 2017.
- Arrangör: Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies (IRES)
- Kontaktperson: Jevgenija Gehsbarga
- Telefon: 018 471 1630
The coastal areas of Estonia have undergone drastic changes since the medieval times, finalizing with the reoccupation by the Soviet Union in 1944, when most of the coastal areas became military border zones and were closed for economic use. The presentation will focus on population and land-use development in NW of Estonia from the late 16th century up to 1940 - a period full of transitional processes in the Baltic realm. Several coastal villages on the largely Swedish populated Noarootsi (Nuckö) peninsula are selected for the closer examination. Information from various population registers, taxation data, and cadastral maps are used. In order to answer questions about how local livelihood and farming systems of the Swedish peasants changed as a result of transformations in social structure, the reflections of various local or regional political decisions by the local lords of the manor, provincial governments in Tallinn, or imperial structures in Stockholm and St. Petersburg are discussed. Overall, the study showed how the development of individual farms in those villages (in fairly similar geographic settings) can differ largely due to socio-political restrictions. Thus, the entire analysis of this area occurs against the background of regional, political, and socio-economic transformations that witnessed the gradual weakening of the manorial estate system and the development of freehold family farming.