Urban governance in Russia: the case of Moscow territorial development and housing renovations
- Date: –17:00
- Location: Institute for Russian and Eurasian Studies (IRES) Gamla torget 3, 3 floor, IRES Library
- Organiser: Institutet för Rysslands- och Eurasienstudier (IRES)
- Contact person: Jevgenija Gehsbarga
- Phone: 018 471 1630
Definitions of governance range from state-centric to more diffused, horizontal and society-based conceptualizations of the process. According to the former, governance can be considered as an ability of a government to make and implement policy whether this government is democratic or not (Fukuyama 2013). Meanwhile, for the latter approach governance involves a variety of actors, domestic and international, among which the national government is only one of the actors. From the state-centric perspective, in the context of authoritarian politics – cities with their educated, professional and wealthier populations offer important sources of social support and the recruitment grounds for the regime (Linz 2000: 187). In addition to social mobility, state redistributive policies have been important in winning support of urban communities in non-democracies (Wallace 2013). Yet, the limits imposed by such political systems on urban middle-classes, particularly the more educated and intellectually sophisticated strata, present a long-term threat to the regime survival.
Against this background, the development of policies of urban regeneration presents a complex task in hybrid regimes. It invariably involves a range of political and societal interests including those of local communities as well as diverse mechanisms of their interaction, making the second – decentralized interpretation of governance essential for understanding urban governance. The seminar will consider how the tensions inherent in non-democratic politics, structure the process of policy development involving economic and social interests as well as a diverse expert opinion with regards to urban governance in the city of Moscow. The specific focus is on urban development and the programme of housing renovation over the last decade.
Marina Khmelnitskaya is a Post-doctoral researcher at the Aleksanteri Institute, University of Helsinki. She joined the Aleksanteri Institute in September 2015 as a post-doctoral researcher at the Finnish Centre of Excellence in Russian Studies “Choices of Russian Modernisation”. Her research interests are policy-making and administration in Russia and comparatively, social policy, housing policy and housing finance. Marina is the author of “The Policy-Making Process and Social Learning in Russia: The Case of Housing Policy” published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2015. Her articles have appeared in Post-Communist Economies, Russian Politics and Russian Analytical Digest among other journals. Her paper on the politics of expertise in contemporary Russia is forthcoming in Europe-Asia Studies.